first aid week mix96

"My child is choking - what do I do?"

Everyday situations can quickly turn dangerous, that's why Mix96 has teamed up with ALR Training.

They provide First Response Medical Training to people and businesses across the area so we've had them in to the studio to show us what to do in an emergency.

Everyday this week on the breakfast show we're talking to them about the all important first actions you take when someone is hurt or injured.

Here's the all important advice:

What to do if someone's choking

Nia chats to Liz Richards about what to do:

Early recognition and action is essential. 

  • Encourage the casualty to cough if possible but if they have a complete blockage this won’t be possible
  • With the flat / palm of your hand 5 x back blows between the shoulder blades in an upwards motion Leaning the patient forwards a little 
  • If unsuccessful 5 x abdominal thrusts – encircle the patient with you arms, lean patient forward,  fist in soft part below rib cage, other hand on top of the first and 5 x abdominal thrusts in an upwards motion otherwise known as the ‘Heimlich manoeuvre”
  • REPEAT if unsuccessful
  • If patient loses consciousness and collapses then prepare to perform CPR
  • If you're dealing with a small child – use gravity to help you, they could be laid down your arm or across your lap.

Bleeding

Different types of bleeding but arterial bleeding – bright red and spurting – can be life threatening in less than 2 minutes

  • Sit or lay the casualty try and elevate injured area above level of the heart to reduce blood loss
  • Apply direct pressure to the wound unless there is an embedded object in the wound when you
  • can try and apply pressure to the edges
  • Put a dressing over the wound that is big enough to cover the edges of the wound and continue to apply pressure
  • If bleeding comes through first dressing then apply another over the top
  • Call for help 

Anaphylaxis 

A life threatening allergic reaction, this is a massive over reaction of the body’s own immune system – often caused by food allergens or wasp or bee stings.

Symptoms can include:

  • Swelling of the lips / tongue / throat
  • May hear a Stridor and/or wheeze
  • May have a hoarse voice
  • May be struggling to breath or unable to speak
  • Rash
  • Can quickly cause collapse and unconsciousness

Not everybody gets all of the symptoms – so if you have any suspicion of a severe allergic reaction – i.e. casualty becoming very unwell very quickly, you should call 999 immediately

Be prepared for the casualty to collapse and be ready to start CPR if they stop breathing

 

CPR

If the casualty is not breathing or not breathing normally (less than 12-20 breaths per minute) then start chest compression – or if in doubt start chest compressions

  • Rate = 100-120 compressions a minute
  • Depth = 1/3 of the chest

Technique:

In the centre of the chest,  put the palm of one hand on breast bone, other hand on top, interlock fingers, straight arms, lean over and use your own body weight to help you.  

Find centre of chest by putting your hand into casualties arm pit and bring you hand straight across their chest to the middle

If you are in doubt you start chest compressions, if the casualty is in cardiac arrest – quick recognition and starting chest compressions can make the difference between a patient being resuscitated successfully by the ambulance service or staying dead!

 

Burns

  • Cool the area of the burn for 10 minutes, try to only cool the area of the burn not the whole patient
  • Remove jewellery and clothing if possible – in case of swelling
  • If still painful after 10 minutes – cool for another 10 minutes

A great way to cover a burn is using cling film as its sterile so it reduces chances of infection getting into the wound and also helps with pain as it stops the air getting to any exposed nerve endings, don’t wrap around lay in strips – as could get tight due to swelling

If the burn is to the face, hands, feet or genital area should be treated as a medical emergency.

Any burn larger than the size of the casualty's own hand or a burn that you suspect is very deep will need to be assessed in A&E.